Ovarian Cysts

A caucasian woman seated and bending over with ovary pain from ovarian cysts

Many ovarian cysts are harmless, don’t exhibit symptoms, and go away on their own, but some can grow larger and present serious complications. In Dallas and Rockwall, Texas, the Women’s Health Specialists of Dallas have years of experience diagnosing and treating ovarian cysts, from mild to severe.

Ovarian Cyst FAQs

Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid that develop inside or on the surface of the ovary.

Many women experience ovarian cysts without even knowing it since the cysts are relatively harmless, small, and go away on their own within a few months.

In severe cases, cysts can enlarge and painfully twist your ovaries, decreasing or stopping blood flow. Cysts can also rupture and cause internal bleeding.

A large ovarian cyst can cause symptoms, such as:

  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal swelling or bloating
  • Mild to moderate pelvic pain in the lower abdomen

An ovarian cyst is more likely to cause pain if it:

  • Becomes large
  • Bleeds
  • Breaks open
  • Interferes with blood supply to the ovary
  • Is bumped during sexual intercourse
  • Is twisted or causes twisting (torsion) of the ovary

There are several different types of ovarian cysts.

Follicular Cysts

Follicles are cyst-like structures that your ovaries grow every month. The follicles produce the progesterone and estrogen hormones and release an egg during ovulation. A follicular cyst occurs when the ovary follicle can’t release an egg. Instead, it grows into a cyst. Follicular cysts are usually larger and can be painful.

Corpus Luteum Cysts

A corpus luteum cyst is the result of abnormalities and changes in the ovary follicle. The changes occur after the egg has been released, and cause fluid to build inside the follicle, leading to a cyst.

Dermoid Cysts

Dermoid cysts are not related to your menstrual cycle. They form from embryonic cells and can contain tissue, such as hair, teeth, or skin.

Your Women’s Health Specialist may find an ovarian cyst during a pelvic exam or when you have an ultrasound test for another reason.

If you have a suspected ovarian cyst, your doctor may order a pelvic ultrasound, a specific blood test, a laparoscopy or other methods to confirm the diagnosis.

Other imaging tests that may be done when needed include

  • CT scan
  • Doppler flow studies
  • MRI

Another ultrasound may be ordered for you in 6 to 8 weeks to make sure the ovarian cyst is gone. If not, there are treatment options available.

Treatments for ovarian cysts depend on their size, placement, cause, and severity. Treatment options may include the following:

  • Careful monitoring. Cysts can clear up on their own in many mild cases.
  • Medication. Hormonal contraceptives help to prevent future cysts but do not decrease the size of current cysts.

Surgery. Some complex ovarian cysts do not go away on their own or are increasing in size, and need to be surgically removed. They are removable without removing the ovary.

Risk factors for ovarian cysts include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic infection
  • History of ovarian cysts
  • Hormonal problems and imbalances

Treatment for Ovarian Cysts at WHS of Dallas

If you experience pelvic pain or think you have ovarian cysts, the Women’s Health Specialists of Dallas team is here to help. Call us today at (214) 363-4421 to schedule an appointment.